Search Hints: About ArCat
ArCat is the online catalog of the Wisconsin Historical Society Archives Division. It is associated with the University of Wisconsin Library System and uses the same Voyager catalog software as MadCat, the Wisconsin Historical Society Library and UW-Madison catalog. It is important to understand that ArCat and MadCat are two separate catalogs. Searching MadCat will not provide information on Archives sources.
ArCat contains over 21,000 catalog entries for the Archives holdings. It includes descriptions for all Society manuscript collections, state government records, and local government records. However, only some of the Visual Materials holdings are described in ArCat and none of the Map holdings. Card catalogs are available for collection descriptions not yet accessible through ArCat.
Instruction in using Arcat is available below, and from the Help buttons within the catalog. The help is written for MadCat. It addresses user needs in detail, but discusses screens and options which may have been modified in ArCat. The advice below is written especially for ArCat users.
Start With Broad Terms: Due to the relatively small size of ArCat and the nature of archival collections, it is best to use search terms which are not too specific. Broad, general terms are frequently more successful and, if an initial result is too large, it can always be narrowed. Also, if a term or name search is unsuccessful, try variations of your search or related terms and names.
Combine Searches: Many searches are most efficiently accomplished by combining or linking two or three search terms. For example, if a researcher interested in civil war diaries entered either the term civil war or the term diaries he/she would receive a very large result including many collections which are irrelevant. Conversely, by combining the terms civil war and diaries the result is specific to the material desired. An example of combining search terms is shown below.
Truncate Terms: Truncating search terms is often advisable. In the above example entering diar? instead of diaries will locate both the plural, diaries, and the singular, diary.
Use the Guided Search: ArCat users can choose from two types of searches, which are described in detail within the catalog.
Guided searching is a step-by-step method of building searches by filling in boxes and using drop down menus like those shown below.
In the initial Search For box, enter a term, such as a name (usually last name first), subject, title, or phrase. To refine your search, combine search terms by entering search terms in the second and third Search For boxes. The above example combines the terms Civil War and diary/diaries and should be used by a researcher seeking diaries of Civil War participants. Using ? to truncate, diar?, retrieves collections which use the singular, diary, as well as the plural, diaries.
If only one entry meets your search criteria, the catalog goes directly to that entry. If several entries meet the criteria, you get a results list; clicking on an entry on the list takes you to that description. You can move through multiple entries by entering the first one then clicking on Next or Previous at the top or bottom of the screen. Or click on the Return to Titles button at the top of the screen to return to the list.
Some kinds of searches give you first a list of headings which meet your criteria and which in turn are linked to the appropriate title lists. In these cases you will also see a Return to Headings button.
You can look at catalog entries in three different displays: the Full, Brief, and MARC. The default is the Full, which is the most informative display. It includes general descriptive information (from the Bibliographic portion of the record) and below separate segments called Holdings that indicate the call number and location of the various portions of the collection described. The Brief includes everything in the Full display except the subject headings, form/genre terms, and additional authors/creators.
You can print a single description or a screen of a results list by clicking on the print icon at the top of the screen. You can print a single entry, a screen of a results list, or several entries which you have selected on a list, by using the options in the Print-Save-E-mail box at the bottom of the screen. The MadCat Help explains these procedures thoroughly.
You must set limits before typing in your search terms. You will see a Set More Limits button on the search screens. These allow you to set a criteria which will limit all your subsequent searches until you turn it off by clicking on Undo Limits. Some of the more popular limits are also listed on the Basic search screen in the Limit To box. More general details on limits are available in the hints at the top of the Set Limits page and in MadCat Help. ArCat allows four kinds of limits: Year, Language, Medium, Location.
Year: Due to limitations of the software you cannot limit an ArCat search by date effectively. Though some ArCat entries date only from a single year, most date from a range of years so have a beginning date and an ending date. The Voyager Year limit looks only at the beginning dates. So a search limited by date will get some of the entries you want to see but not all of them.
Language: The Language limit selects entries for materials which are mainly in the indicated language, but will not pick up entries describing materials only partially in that language.
Medium: This will allow complete retrieval of microform and sound recording materials. Because all of the Archives visual materials holdings are not yet included in the catalog, the limits for photograph, motion picture, and videorecording holdings retrieves only a portion of the total in Archives custody.
Location: The location choices allow you to limit searches to a single Area Research Center, all Centers, or combinations of Center and/or Madison locations (for combinations, hold down the Control key when clicking on your choices).
Selecting Unprocessed Accessions limits subsequent searches to materials not yet fully organized and described. It should be noted that a few holdings physically at Area Research Centers are still considered unprocessed so an ARC limit will miss those items because they are assigned the Unprocessed Accessions location.
The call number search found in Basic will be reliable for all call numbers assigned to processed holdings (e.g. Dane Series 273 or U.S. Mss 17AF or PH 3685) and for all accession numbers which function as call numbers for unprocessed holdings (e.g. M84-370 or C1997/066).
In a previous version of ArCat, you could go back to the results sets of previous searches and could combine these sets. You can do the former in the Voyager ArCat but not the latter. After you have done a search, a Search History button will be among the choices at the top of your screen. Clicking on it will take you to a list of your previous searches. Clicking on one of those searches will re-execute that search. (But beware if you have been using Search Limits The search will not use limits in place at the time it was first executed but will be done using limits you currently have set or no limits if that is your current setting.)
Many of the catalog entries mention registers, inventories, indexes, or other finding aids which exist. A major Archives goal in the next few years is to make these tools also available online. As this happens, catalog entries will be updated to include a link to the finding aids on which users can click to see the additional information these aids provide. Look for the label Internet Links within the catalog descriptions.
Very, very few of the holdings will be available online in the foreseeable future. For those that are, a link in the catalog entry will lead you to them. Again look for the label Internet Links.
ArCat exists only in the web version.Last updated: 07/10/01